Amber Waves Pygmy Goats


Housing And Fencing

Because of their small size and hardiness, pygmy goats are easy to keep. First, they require a dry, draft-free shelter. Pygmy goats need about 15 to 20 square feet of room per animal. That is a space that is 4 feet by 5 feet. So a large dog house could house a grown pygmy goat. But, pygmy goats are herd animals and do not thrive if kept alone. They are best kept in groups. Even a buck would rather be with another buck than be alone. So if you plan to keep pygmy goats, plan to have more than one and provide shelter accordingly. We use a combination of a large barn for our does and kids, and a shedrow barn for our bucks with 8 by 6 foot stalls with separate outdoor pens for our bucks. Our grown bucks often have a weanling buck kid for company. The young kid is comforted and feels safer having an older goat for company during weaning and the older buck gets a playful companion. They don’t view each other as rivals, more like mentor and protégé.

Ideally pygmy goats should have access to pasture for exercise and browsing. But many pygmy goats don't enjoy the luxury of large pastures and are instead kept in pens. The larger the better of course, but a 30 by 30 foot pen is ample for two to four goats. Fencing should be chain link or wire mesh as pygmies are smart and soon learn to squeeze out of horizontal wires such as that used for horses. Even electric fences won't hold a determined goat. Secure fences serve a more important role than just keeping your goats out of your neighbor's prize roses--they keep predators from getting in! Any dog, no matter how friendly, will chase a pygmy goat to death. Often this friendly dog will inflict terrible wounds in the process. It is not the dog's fault entirely, it is their nature to chase small animals. And, you can't always count on a dog being confined. So take heed to the old saying, "Good fences make good neighbors," and securely pen your goats.





by Lydia Hale
National Pygmy Goat Association

Many books and articles have been written about housing for dairy goats, but there is little material available that pertains specifically to Pygmy goats. Much of the available information about dairy goats is varied [. . .] but all the authors are in agreement on two essential requirements; shelter from wind, rain and snow; and freedom from stress. Pygmy goats are no exception in their needs for these two things.

In my recent travels to various parts of the country, it was interesting to see how very differently herds of Pygmies are managed. [. . .] Breeders in the southern sections of the United States need to provide only very basic shed type structures [. . .] while in the northern areas, it is an entirely different matter. Substantial barns are a matter of course to provide protection from wind, rain, snow, and severe cold for not only the goats, but also their owners who appreciate some comfort while doing the daily chores.

In planning a barn for Pygmy goats, ease of cleaning and finances may determine just what structure is feasible. No matter how simple the housing is to be, it should be large enough to accommodate the herd without crowding (allowing approximately 15 to 20 square feet per animal), and it should also be draft free [. . .].

Pygmies love niches to which to jump and sleep. Ours are constructed against the walls of the stalls about two feet up off the floor, and the area underneath is a perfect haven for young kids if the older goats get restless and rough in their play. Built-in hay mangers keep the hay up off the floor and cut down, somewhat, on the amount of hay wasted – a problem that seems universal with goats. So much for the mistaken idea that goats will eat everything! They are by far the finickiest eaters of all animals. Once the hay has dropped on the ground it becomes “bedding” fit only to play or lie in [. . .].

Drinking water, fresh and clean, is essential to all goats and they should be encouraged to drink as much as possible. Several years ago, Bob gave me the nicest Christmas present ever – a hot water heater for the barn. Now we can easily provide warm water all winter, and how they love it!

The flooring in the goat stalls can be of wood, concrete or, best yet, clay. The wood will hold the odor of urine and will rot out eventually. Cement, although easy to keep clean, is cold and damp. We have found that a thick layer of clay on top of a gravel base is perfect for goats. It packs down into a hard surface which can be swept out when the stalls are cleaned; it holds no odor, and a new layer of clay can be applied every two years or so to freshen it up. Any moisture soaks through the deep bedding and on down to the gravel base. We have no problems with too much moisture in the air even when the barn is closed completely in mid winter. Warm, moist air can cause respiratory problems and lead to serious illness. Good ventilation and fresh air are a must for goats.

Exercise yards, grazing areas and/or paddocks surrounded by good fencing are best located adjacent to the sheds of barns where the goats can have access to their stalls and come and go at will.

[. . .]

Good secure fencing is a worthwhile investment. It not only keeps the herd where it should be, but also protects from outside predators [. . .].

Excerpts from:
Hale, Lydia, and Ellen Kritzman, eds. Pygmy Goats: Best of Memo (1976-1981)
     National Pygmy Goat Association: pp 22-23

This document is for informational purposes only and is in no way intended to be a substitute for medical consultation with a qualified veterinary professional. The information provided through this document is not meant to be used in the diagnosis or treatment of a health problem or disease, nor should it be construed as such